Health : One billion population affected by hypertension

Thiruvananthapuram | More than 30 percent of the world’s population, ie more than one billion of the world’s population, is known to be affected by high blood pressure. Dr Naresh Purohit, visiting professor at the School of Public Health, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur, made a claim to this effect on Wednesday. “It is also a primary risk factor that leads to many heart diseases such as coronary heart disease, chronic kidney failure, dementia and arrhythmias,” he told Univarta. Hypertension is a growing problem in India and a significant burden on the health system.

Sharing his concern on the occasion of World Hypertension Day, Dr. Purohit, executive member of the Indian Society of Hypertension, said that in the recent Indian Council of Medical Research Hypertension Control report, at least one in every four Indian adults Suffers from high blood pressure, but only 10% are able to control their blood pressure.

Renowned epidemiologist Dr Purohit, quoted in the latest edition of the National Family Health Survey, said that the prevalence of hypertension is higher in southern states than the national average. In the country, 21.3 percent of women and 24 percent of men above the age of 15 years have high blood pressure. Its prevalence is highest in Kerala, where 32.8 percent of men and 30.9% of women have been diagnosed with hypertension.

He said that Kerala is followed by Telangana with 31.4 per cent prevalence among males and 26.1 per cent among females. In addition, about a quarter of women and men aged 40 to 49 have high blood pressure. Even at a young age, one in eight women and one in five men between the ages of 30 and 39 have high blood pressure. He said the prevalence of hypertension is higher among Sikhs (37 percent among men and 31 percent among women), Jains (30 percent among men and 25 percent among women) and Christians (29 percent among men and 26 percent among women).

He has revealed that India is home to 18 percent of the world’s population and by 2025, it is projected that the country is poised to become the most populous country in the world. Therefore there is an urgent need to improve the care of hypertension in the country so that it can have a decisive impact on the world at large. The renowned doctor said that a sedentary lifestyle, high drinking and salt intake as well as lack of adequate sleep due to smartphone addiction are responsible for the steady increase in the incidence of hypertension.


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