The major events of May 19 in Indian and world history are as follows.
1521 – Ottoman forces capture Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia, in the Balkan peninsula after a fierce battle.
1743 – Jean-Pierre Christine developed the centigrade temperature scale in 1743.
1892 – Famous playwright and poet Oscar Wilde is released from prison after serving two years. He was sentenced for the offense of homosexuality because homosexuality was illegal in Britain at that time.
1904 – Jamshedji Tata, founder of the Tata Group, one of India’s earliest industrialists, dies.
1913 – Birth of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, who became the sixth President of the country.
1926 – Benito Mussolini declares Italy a fascist nation.
1930 – White women in South Africa get the right to vote.
1934 – The birth of famous English-language writer Ruskin Bond.
1936 – British inventor Robert Detson Watt designed radar and this system was first installed at a UK airport.
1950 – Egypt announces the closure of the Suez Canal to Israeli ships.
1971 – Veer Bahu, the first submarine base of the Indian Navy opened at Visakhapatnam.
1979 – Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, the top Hindi litterateur, died.
2001 – Apple Inc. opened its first two retail stores, one in McLean, Virginia, and the other in Glendale, California.
2002 – After four centuries of history, East Timor emerges on the world map as the first new nation of the new millennium.
2008 – Indian playwright and theater artist Vijay Tendulkar passed away.
2009 – Sri Lanka declares victory against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam after 26 years of civil war.