Today is the martyrdom day of the great revolutionary Udham Singh. Udham Singh was hanged on 31 July 1940 in Pentonville Jail. The brave son of India kept alive the flames of vengeance for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre for 20 years and killed the then Governor-General of Punjab, Michael Francis O’Dwyer, who had ordered. Firing, to London, but Udham Singh did not flee and made his arrest.
Udham Singh’s childhood name was Sher Singh and his brother’s name was Mukta Singh, but when he had to live in an orphanage, he and his brother’s name were Udham Singh and Sadhu Singh. But Udham Singh was not satisfied with his name, so he changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad to spread the message of all-religion equality in the country, which was each of the three major religions of India, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and their only goal of freedom. Turning the pages of history, what happened on the soil of India on 13th April 1919 is a never forgotten wound. On the same day thousands of people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest against the Rowlatt Act and British officer General Dyer with his soldiers and armed vehicles closed the main gate of the garden and attacked the unarmed crowd without arms. Firing indiscriminately for minutes. Warning.
About 1000 people were killed and more than 1500 were injured in this incident. Historians say that General Dyer was present on the spot at the time of the incident. But the then Governor General of Punjab, Michael Francis O’Dwyer had instructed to open fire on the people. The same O’Dwyer was shot dead by revolutionary Udham Singh at Caxton Hall in London on 13 March 1940. Whereas Dwyer, who shot and fired, died in 1927 of arteriosclerosis and cerebral hemorrhage.